All children have individual sleep and rest requirements. Our objective is to meet each child’s need for sleep, rest, and relaxation by providing a comfortable, relaxing and safe space to enable their bodies to rest. This environment will also be well supervised ensuring all children feel secure and safe at our Service.
NATIONAL QUALITY STANDARD (NQS)
|QUALITY AREA 2: CHILDREN’S HEALTH AND SAFETY|
|2.1||Health||Each child’s health and physical activity is supported and promoted|
|2.1.1||Wellbeing and comfort||Each child’s wellbeing and comfort is provided for, including appropriate opportunities to meet each child’s needs for sleep, rest and relaxation.|
|2.2||Safety||Each child is protected.|
|2.2.1||Supervision||At all times, reasonable precautions and adequate supervision ensure children are protected from harm and hazard.|
|QUALITY AREA 3: PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT|
|3.1||Design||The design of the facilities is appropriate for the operation of a service.|
|3.1.2||Upkeep||Premises, furniture and equipment are safe, clean and well maintained.|
|EDUCATION AND CARE SERVICES NATIONAL REGULATIONS AND NATIONAL LAW|
|Section 165||Offence to inadequately supervise children|
|Section 167||Offence relating to protection of children from harm and hazard|
|81||Sleep and Rest|
|82||Tobacco, drug and alcohol-free environment|
|87||Incident, injury, trauma and illness record|
|103||Premises, furniture and equipment to be safe, clean and in good repair|
|105||Furniture, materials and equipment|
|106||Laundry and hygiene facilities|
|107||Space requirements-indoor space|
|110||Ventilation and natural light|
|115||Premises designed to facilitate supervision|
|168||Education and care service must have policies and procedures|
|170||Policies and procedures to be followed|
|171||Policies and procedures to be available|
|172||Notification of change to policies or procedures|
|176||Time to notify certain information to Regulatory Authority|
|Administration of First Aid Policy Child Safe Environment Policy Enrolment Policy Death of a Child at the Service Policy Dental Health Policy Emergency and Evacuation Policy Family Communication Policy Furniture and Equipment Safety Policy||Health and Safety Policy Interactions with Children, Family and Staff Policy Physical Environment Policy Respect for Children Policy Staffing Arrangements Policy Tobacco, Drug and Alcohol-Free Policy Work Health and Safety|
The Education and Care Services National Regulations requires approved providers to ensure their services have policies and procedures in place for children’s sleep and rest.Our Sleep and Rest Policywill assist management,educators and other staff to ensure that all children have appropriate opportunities to sleep, rest and relax in accordance with their individual needs whilst attending the service.
The risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) for infants will be minimised by following practices and guidelines set out by the national authority on safe sleeping practice for infants and children- Red Nose (formerly SIDS and Kids).Our policy sets out quality practice and is informed by recognised and evidence-based principles. Safe Sleep practices are informed by Red Nose and guidance from ACEQCA.
If a family’s beliefs and requests are against current recommended evidence-based guidelines, our Service will need to determine if there are exceptional circumstances that allow for alternate practices.
Our Service will only approve an alternative practice if the service is provided with written advice from, and the contact details of a registered medical practitioner accompanied by a risk assessment and risk minimisation plan for individual children.
We have a duty of care to ensure children are provided with a high level of safety when sleeping and resting and every reasonable precaution is taken to protect them from harm and hazard. In meeting the
Service’s duty of care, it is a requirement that all educators implement and adhere to this policy and associated procedures to ensure we respect and cater for each child’s specific needs and ensure all risks are appropriately addressed at all times.
This policy applies to children, families, educators, staff, management, approved provider, nominated supervisor, students, volunteers and visitors of the Service.
‘Children have different sleep, rest and relaxation needs. Children of the same age can have different sleep patterns that Nominated Supervisors and educators need to consider within the Service. As per Standard 2.1 (Element 2.1.1) of the National Quality Standard, each child’s comfort must be provided for and there must be appropriate opportunities to meet each child’s sleep, rest and relaxation needs.’ (ACECQA).
Our Service defines ‘rest’ as a period of inactivity, solitude, calmness, or tranquillity, and can include a child being in a state of sleep.Considering the busy and energetic nature of children’s day, we feel that it is important for children to participate in a quiet/rest period during the day in order to rest, relax, and recharge their body. Effective rest strategies are important factors in ensuring a child feels secure and safe in an early childhood environment.
Our Service will consult with families about their child’s individual needs, ensuring all parties are aware of the different values, cultural, and parenting beliefs and practices, or opinions associated with sleep requirements.
THE APPROVED PROVIDER/MANAGEMENT/NOMINATED SUPERVISOR WILL ENSURE:
- every reasonable precaution has been taken to protect children from harm and from hazards likely to cause injury. Hazards posing a risk of suffocation, choking, crushing or strangulation risk to children must be removed from the sleep and rest environment. (Sec. 167)
- reasonable steps are taken to ensure that the needs for sleep and rest of children being educated and cared for by the Service are met, having regard to the ages, developmental stages and individual needs of each child
- all educators and new employees are provided with a copy of this policy as part of their induction program
- up to date knowledge regarding safe sleeping practices is maintained and information communicated to educators and families
- ongoing training is provided on safe sleep practices for all educators and keep a record of all such training
- opportunities are provided for educators to participate in Red Nose professional training
- to provide appropriate opportunities to meet each child’s need for sleep, rest and relaxation including providing children with comfortable spaces away from the main activity area for relaxation and quiet activities
- that sleeping infants are closely monitored and that all sleeping children are within hearing range and observed. This involves physically checking/inspecting sleeping children at regular intervals [add time intervals e.g., 10 minutes] and ensuring that they are always within sight and hearing distance of sleeping and resting children so they can easily monitor a child’s breathing and the colour of their skin. It is recommended that educators will not perform administrative duties that would take their attention away from sleeping/resting children- (Note: CCTV, audio monitors or heart monitors do not replace the need for physical checking/inspecting sleeping children)
- to provide children with safe sleeping equipment and environment, including adequate ventilation and adequate lighting to enable effective supervision
- to negotiate sleep and rest routines and practices with families to reach agreement on how these occur for each child at the Service
- they receive information and training to fulfil their role effectively, including being made aware of the sleep and rest policies, their responsibilities in implementing these, and any changes that are made over time
- the child’s safety is always the first priority
- children who are sleeping or resting have their face uncovered at all times
- any soft items are removed from the cot, such as loose blankets, pillows or toys
- the sleep and rest environment is free from cigarette or tobacco smoke
- to provide information to parents and families about Safe Sleep practices (see Red Nose)
- educators, staff and volunteers follow the policy and procedures
- all equipment and furniture used are safe, clean and in good repair (Reg. 103, 105)
- there are adequate numbers of cots and bedding (including mattresses) available to children that meet Australian Standards to be used only for sleep and rest purposes
- all cots used in our Service will meet the current mandatory Australian Standard for Cots (AS/NZS 2172) and will carry a label to indicate this.
- all portable cots used in our Service will meet the current mandatory Australian Standard for children’s portable folding cots, AS/NZS 2195, and will carry a label to indicate this
- stay up to date with banned/recalled products and remove these immediately from the service if required
- sleep surfaces are checked for firmness in accordance to Australian Standard AS/NZS 8811:1:2013
- a safe indoor environment is provided for children that is well ventilated, has adequate natural light and can be maintained at a temperature that ensures children’s safety and wellbeing (Reg.110)
- risk assessments are conducted at least annually to ensure all protentional hazards are controlled in sleep areas in line with Red Nose and ACECQA guidelines
- sleep and rest environments will be safe and free from all hazards including cigarette and tobacco smoke
- areas for sleep and rest are well ventilated and have natural lighting
- the supervision window (or similar) will be kept clear to ensure safe supervision of sleeping infants
- safe sleep practices are documented and shared with families. Nominated Supervisors and educators are not expected to endorse practices requested by a familyif they differ from Red Nose safe (formerly SIDS and Kids) sleeping recommendations
- if any requirements differ from Red Nose sleeping recommendations, written authorisation from a medical practitioner will be required and shared with educators
- have a thorough understanding of the Service’s policy and practices and embed practices to support safe sleep into everyday practice
- consult with families about children’s sleep and rest needs
- be sensitive to each child’s needs so that sleep and rest times are a positive experience
- ensure there are appropriate opportunities to meet each child’s need for sleep, rest and relaxation
- ensure that each child’s comfort is provided for
- ensure that beds/mattresses are clean and in good repair
- ensure beds, cots and mattresses are used for the correct purpose of sleep and rest only
- ensure beds and mattresses are wiped over with warm water and neutral detergent or vinegar solution between each use
- ensure cots/stretchers are stored safely
- ensure that bed linen is clean and in good repair
- ensure bed linen is used by an individual child and is washed before use by another child
- arrange children’s beds and cots to allow easy access for children and staff
- ensure children rest/sleep with their beds/mattresses head to toe to minimise the risk of cross infection- consider positioning of cots, mats, cushions etc to be at least 1.5 metres apart (COVID-safe plan)
- create a relaxing environment for sleeping children by playing relaxation music, reading stories, cultural reflection, turning off lights, and ensuring children are comfortably clothed
- ensure there are no loose aspects of clothing that could entangle the child during sleep/rest (including bibs)
- ensure any soft items are removed from the cot, such as loose blankets, pillows or toys
- ensure the environment is tranquil and calm for both educators and children
- sit near children who are resting and encourage them to relax and/or listen to music.
- Remember that children do not need to be “patted” to sleep. By providing a quiet, tranquil environment, children will choose to sleep if their body needs it.
- maintain adequate supervision and maintain educator ratios throughout the sleep period
- supervision is active, effective and frequent [include details of your Service’s supervision plan relevant to the ages and developmental stages of children attending the service]
- ensure they are not engaged in other duties (e.g., administrative duties) that will take their attention away from actively supervising sleeping and resting children
- physically check that the child is breathing by checking the rise and fall of the child’s chest and the child’s lip and skin colour from the side of the cot (or floor mattress/toddler bed)
- ensure physical checks of a sleeping child occur at least every 10 minutes(Note: CCTV, audio monitors or heart monitors do not replace the need for physical checking/inspecting sleeping children)
- consider higher levels of supervision and conduct more frequent checks on babies or children with colds, chronic lung disorders or specific health care needs
- if the child’s face/body appears blue and the child is not breathing, initiate first aid immediately including calling an ambulance and beginning resuscitation
- ensure a record is maintained recording the time and observation of each physical check immediately after checks are made on the Safe Sleep Record [include children of all age groups on Sleep/Rest record]
- ensure sleeping spaces are not dark- there needs to be sufficient light to allow supervision and to physically check children’s breathing, lip and skin colour
- ensure sleeping infants are closely monitored and that all sleeping children are within hearing range and observed
- assess each child’s circumstances and current health to determine whether higher supervision levels and checks may be required
- communicate with families about their child’s sleeping or rest times and the Service policy regarding sleep and rest times
- respect family preferences regarding sleep and rest and consider these daily while ensuring children feel safe and secure in the environment. [Any sleep requirements that differ from Red Nose recommendations must be supported by a medical certificate]. Conversations with families may be necessary to remind families that children will neither be forced to sleep nor prevented from sleeping. Sleep and rest patterns will be recorded daily for families.
- encourage children to dress appropriately for the room temperature when resting or sleeping
Lighter clothing is preferable, with children encouraged to remove shoes, jumpers, jackets and bulky clothing.
- monitor the room temperature to ensure maximum comfort for the children
- ensure that children who do not wish to sleep are provided with alternative quiet activities and experiences, whilst those children who do wish to sleep are allowed to do so, without being disrupted. If a child requests a rest, or if they are showing clear signs of tiredness, regardless of the time of day, there should be a comfortable, safe area available for them to rest. It is important that opportunities for rest and relaxation, as well as sleep, are provided.
- consider a vast range of strategies to meet children’s individual sleep and rest needs- consider inclusion of all children and adjustments that may need to be implemented
- respond to children’s individual cues for sleep (yawning, rubbing eyes, disengagement from activities, crying etc).
- acknowledge and support children’s agency, emotions, feelings and fears in regard to sleep/rest time
- develop positive relationships with children to assist in settling children confidently when sleeping and resting
- record sleep and rest patterns to provide information to parents/families.
BABIES AND TODDLERS
Recommendations sourced from ACECQA
- Babies should always be placed on their back to sleep when first being settled. Once a baby has been observed to repeatedly roll from back to front and back again on their own, they can be left to find their own preferred sleep or rest position (this is usually around 5–6 months of age). Babies aged younger than 5–6 months, and who have not been observed to repeatedly roll from back to front and back again on their own, should be re-positioned onto their back when they roll onto their front or side.
- If a medical condition exists that prevents a baby from being placed on their back, the alternative practice should be confirmed in writing with the Service, by the child’s medical practitioner.
- Babies over four months of age can generally turn over in a cot but may not always be able to roll back again. When a baby is placed to sleep, Educators should check that any bedding is tucked in securely and is not loose. Babies of this age may be placed in a safe baby sleeping bag (i.e., with fitted neck and arm holes, but no hood). At no time should a baby’s face or head be covered (i.e., with linen). To prevent a baby from wriggling down under bed linen, they should be positioned with their feet at the bottom of the cot.
- Ensure any bed linen is securely tucked underneath the mattress so it cannot ride up and cover the baby’s chest of cover his/her head.
- If a baby is wrapped when sleeping, consider the baby’s stage of development. Leave their arms free once the startle reflex disappears at around three months of age and discontinue the use of a wrap when the baby can roll from back to tummy to back again (usually four to six months of age). Use only lightweight wraps such as cotton or muslin.
- Ensure there is no soft bedding in baby’s sleep environment (pillows, doonas, loose bedding, lambswool or soft toys)
- If being used, a dummy should be offered for all sleep periods. Dummy use should be phased out by the end of the first year of a baby’s life (in consultation with parents). If a dummy falls out of a baby’s mouth during sleep, it should not be re-inserted.
- Babies or young children should not be moved out of a cot into a bed too early; they should also not be kept in a cot for too long. When a young child is observed attempting to climb out of a cot, and looking like they might succeed, it is time to move them out of a cot. This usually occurs when a toddler is between 2 and 3 ½ years of age but could be as early as 18 months.
- Additional supervision is required if a child is wearing a baby sleeping bag whilst sleeping outside a cot. The sleeping suit should be removed as soon as the child wakes to avoid risk of falling and injury. (Red Nose).
- give bottle-fed children their bottles before going to bed
- ensure children are not be put in cots or in beds with bottles as per the Dental Health Policy
- ensure that cot rooms and sleep rooms have operational baby monitors on at all times
- observe children at 10-minute intervals while they sleep in these rooms. Educators must go into the rooms and physically observe babies breathing and check the colour of their skin. The educator will then officially record this on a Safe Sleep Record
- encourage the use of sleeping bags with fitted neck and armholes for babies as there is no risk of the infant’s face being covered.
- securely lock cots sides into place to ensure children’s safety
- turn off wall-mounted heaters before children use the room for sleeping. Cot rooms may be air conditioned and maintained at an appropriate temperature.
- be aware of manual handling practices when lifting babies in and out of cots
- participate in staff development about safe sleeping practices
- understand that bassinets, hammocks and prams/strollers do not carry safety codes for sleep. Babies should not be left in a bassinet, hammock, or pram/stroller to sleep, as these are not safe substitutes for a cot.
- ensure mattresses are kept in good condition; they should be clean, firm and flat, and fit the cot base with not more than a 20mm gap between the mattress sides and ends. A firm sleep surface that is compliant with the new AS/NZS Voluntary Standard (AS/NZS 8811.1:2013 Methods of testing infant products – Sleep surfaces – Test for firmness) should be used.
- not elevate or tilt mattresses
- remove any plastic packaging from mattresses
- ensure that waterproof mattress protectors are strong, not torn, and a tight fit
- use firm, clean, and well-fitting mattresses on portable cots
- remove pillows, doonas, loose bedding or fabric, lamb’s wool, bumpers and soft toys from cots
- record sleep and rest patterns to provide information to parents/families.
PRE-SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
- be respectful for children’s individual sleep and rest requirements
- discuss children’s sleep and rest needs with families and include children in decision making (children’s agency)
- provide a tranquil and calm environment for children to rest by turning off lights, playing relaxing music, reading stories, cultural reflection
- ensure children are comfortably clothed
- encourage children to rest their bodies and minds for 20-30 minutes
- introduce relaxation techniques into rest routine- use of a relaxation tape
- ensure children sleep with their face uncovered
- closely monitor sleeping and resting children
- provide quiet activities for children- puzzles, books, drawing if they do not fall asleep
- record sleep and rest patterns to provide information to parents/families [Sleep Record]
MAINTENANCE OF COTS/BEDDING
Regular maintenance of cots and other bedding must be made to ensure there is no hazard posed to babies or children. This may include:
- all equipment and furniture used are safe, clean and in good repair (Reg. 103, 105)
- sleep surfaces are checked for firmness in accordance to Australian Standard AS/NZS 8811:1:2013
- spaces between bars and mattress sides are as per regulations/guidelines (not more than 25mm apart)
- spaces do not pose any danger to children- arm and leg traps/finger traps
- ensuring there are no choking hazards- cords, strings, bunting
- checking all bolts and screws are tight
- cots are not painted with any paint that contains lead
- paint work of cots is not chipped when babies are teething
- there are no toys, bumpers or other objects in the cot that could cause suffocation
- ensure there are no sharp edges
- ensure the cots have high sides- from top of mattress to top side of cot should be at least 500mm
- stay up to date with banned/recalled products and remove these immediately from the service if required.
- be informed during orientation of our Sleep and Rest Policy and procedure
- be informed that if any requirements for sleep for their child differs from Red Nose sleeping recommendations, written authorisation from a medical practitioner will be required
- be requested to provide educators with regular updates on their child’s sleeping routines and patterns, especially for infants
- be required to provide specific bedding for their child each day (as detailed in enrolment information)
- be provided with regular information about Safe Sleep practices from Red Nose.
Our Sleep and Rest Policy will be reviewed on an annual basis in consultation with children, families, staff, educators and management.
|ACECQA- Australian Children’s Education and Care Quality Authority||The independent national authority that works with all regulatory authorities to administer the National Quality Framework, including the provision of guidance, resources and services to support the sector to improve outcomes for children.|
|Adequate supervision||Adequate supervision means: that an educator can respond immediately, particularly when a child is distressed or in a hazardous situation;knowing where children are at all times and monitoring their activities actively and diligently|
|Infant||A young child between the ages of birth and 12 months|
|Rest||A period of inactivity solitude, calmness or tranquility and can include a child being in a state of sleep.|
|Relaxation||Relaxation or other activity for bringing about a feeling of calm in your body and mind.|
|Red Nose||Red Nose is Australia’s leading authority on safe sleep and safe pregnancy advice.|
|Sudden and Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI)||A broad term used to describe the sudden and unexpected death of a baby for which the cause is not immediately obvious- (SIDS or Fatal sleeping accident)|
|Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)||The sudden and unexpected death of an infant under one year of age with an onset of a fatal episode occurring during sleep, that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation including performance of a complete autopsy and review of the circumstances of death and the clinical history.|
|Rest Time Procedure Safe Sleep Audit||Safe Sleep Record|
ACECQA. (n.d.). Safe sleep and rest practices: https://www.acecqa.gov.au/resources/supporting-materials/infosheet/safe-sleep-and-rest-practices
Australian Children’s Education & Care Quality Authority. (2014).
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC). (2013). Find out more: Keeping baby safe
Early Childhood Australia Code of Ethics. (2016).
Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010. (Amended 2018).
Education and Care Services National Regulations. (2011)
Guide to the Education and Care Services National Law and the Education and Care Services National Regulations. (2017).
Guide to the National Quality Framework. (2017). (Amended 2020).
NSW Department of Education. (2022). Sleep and rest for children-Policy guidelines for early childhood education and care services. (updated)
Red Nose: Cot to bed safety https://rednose.org.au/downloads/RN3356_Cot_Bed_DL_Oct2018_Online.pdf
Revised National Quality Standard. (2018).
Standards Australia – https://www.standards.org.au/
The NSW Work Health and Safety Act 2011
The NSW Work Health and Safety Regulation 2011
|POLICY REVIEWED||FEBRUARY 2023||NEXT REVIEW DATE||FEBRUARY 2024|
|MODIFICATIONS||annual policy reviewNS/RP section merged into AP/NS section to reduce repetitionmaintenance of cots and bedding section addedParent/Family section updatedHyperlinks checked and repaired if needed|
|POLICY REVIEWED||PREVIOUS MODIFICATIONS||NEXT REVIEW DATE|
|SEPTEMBER 2022||Additional information added following release of NSW Regulatory Authority Safe Sleep and Rest Regulatory Priority ProgramAdded Childcare Centre Desktop Resources box and continuous improvement sectionslink to Western Australian Education and Care Services National Regulations added in ‘Sources’||FEBRUARY 2023|
|FEBRUARY 2022||Additional information added to policy to reflect best practice as requested by AO- NSW regulatory authority||FEBRUARY 2023|
|JUNE 2021||policy reviewed to algin with ACECQA policy guidelines (June 2021)Additional legislative requirements addedAdditional section added ‘Families’Additional section added- Key Terms||FEBRUARY 2022|
|FEBRUARY 2021||rearranged content- Information re: Babies and Toddlers and other specific procedures for educators related to babies and toddlers added section specifically for pre-school aged children checked currency of information from sources additional related policies added||FEBRUARY 2022|
|FEBRUARY 2020||Referenced appropriate content to ACECQASources checked for currencyRed Nose link added||FEBRUARY 2021|